Salandra, Antonio

   Born in the province of Foggia in August 1853, Salandra, a conservative nationalist politician, is chiefly famous for having led Italy into World War I. As prime minister from March 1914 to June 1916, he negotiated the Treaty of London (April 1915), under the terms of which Italy would join the war on the side of Britain and France. These arrangements were not revealed to Parliament, whose members might well have opposed them, and their negotiation required Salandra, and his foreign minister Sidney Sonnino, to play a careful double game. With a logic not unlike Benito Mussolini’s in 1940, Salandra reckoned that the time had come for Italy to choose (what seemed at the time) the winning side. His subsequent reference to sacro egoismowas as ill-timed as it was candid.
   Salandra’s decision backfired, however. The Austrian army’s successful Strafexpedition, a spring 1916 attack in the Trentino that exposed the Italian army on the Isonzo front near Trieste to the risk of being cut off and forced to surrender, brought Salandra down. Neutralist supporters of Giovanni Giolitti, who had never forgiven Salandra for his double dealing in 1915, joined forces with Salandra’s critics in the prowar camp to bring down the “government of discord.” Salandra was replaced by Paolo Boselli. It was only after the war that Salandra again became a candidate for premier. Fascist street violence had forced Luigi Facta to recognize his impotence and resign in October 1922. Salandra hoped to head a government including the Fascists. Nationalist leaders recommended that Mussolini accept such an arrangement, but the Fascist leader held out for nothing less than forming his own government. Only after the publication of documents connecting Mussolini directly with the murder of Giacomo Matteotti did Salandra join the opposition, which by then was totally ineffective. Salandra died in Rome in December 1931.
   See also March on Rome.

Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. . 2007.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Salandra, Antonio — ▪ premier of Italy born Aug. 13, 1853, Troia, Puglia, Kingdom of the Two Sicilies [Italy] died Dec. 9, 1931, Rome       Italian statesman who was premier at the beginning of World War I (1914–16).       Salandra was educated in law and taught… …   Universalium

  • Salandra, Antonio — ► (1853 1931) Político italiano. Fue presidente del Consejo de ministros en 1914 …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Salandra — Salandra, Antonio …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Antonio Salandra — Mandats 33e président du Conseil italien 21 mars …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Antonio Salandra — (* 13. August 1853 in Troia bei Foggia; † 9. Dezember 1931 in Rom) war ein italienischer Politiker, der von 1914 bis 1916 italienischer Premierminister war. Salandra studierte Rechtswissenschaften und war ab 1879 Verwal …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • SALANDRA (A.) — SALANDRA ANTONIO (1853 1931) Étudiant le droit et la littérature à l’université de Naples, Antonio Salandra subit l’influence des penseurs de la droite néo hégélienne. Lié avec Sydney Sonnino, il enseigne dès 1879 à l’université de Rome la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Salandra — Salandra, Antonio, ital. Staatsmann, geb. 1853 in Troia (Provinz Foggia), studierte die Rechte in Neapel und habilitierte sich als Privatdozent für Verwaltungswissenschaften an der Universität Rom, wo er zum ordentlichen Professor aufstieg. 1886… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Salandra (Basilikata) — Salandra …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Salandra — ist der Name folgender Orte: Salandra (Basilikata), ein Dorf in der Region Basilikata, Italien Salandra ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Antonio Salandra (1853–1931), italienischer Politiker Diese Seite ist eine …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Antonio Segni — Mandats 4e président de la République italienne 11 mai 1962 – …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.